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Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=4

3,1F3P = (000 001 010 100 )3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=4

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=4

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=5

3E =0...+0+..+0.+.+ 0..++0[0][0][0][1]

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=5

0+0+0+0+0[1]
0+0+0+1+1[1]
0+0+1+0+1[1]
0+0+1+1+0[1]
0+1+0+0+1[1]
0+1+0+1+0[1]
0+1+1+0+0[1]
0+1+1+1+1[1]

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=16, n=5

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=6

4F4P§ =(000000010010010010001111)4P§

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=6

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=6

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=32, n=7

5F5P§ =(00000000010001000100010000111110000)5P§

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=32, n=7

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=32, n=7

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=8

3,2F3P' =(000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111 )3P' = 3,3F3P§
000 001 010 100 011 110 111 101

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=8

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=30, n=8

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=40, n=8

0.··+0+··+
0.+·+0++·+
0.·++0+·++
0.+++0++++
0.··+0++·+
0.+·+0+··+
0.··+0+·++
0.·++0+··+
0·.+0+++0·.+0+++
0+.+++0+.+++

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=40, n=8

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=40, n=8

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=44, n=8

3,3F3P' =(000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111 )3P'
000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111
000 001 010 100 011 110 111 101

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=44, n=8

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=44, n=8

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=2, r=58, n=11

3,4F3P' =(000 001 010 011 100 101 110 111 000 001 010 )3P'
000 001 010 011 100 101 111 110 101 111 001
000 001 010 011 100 110 111 101 111 010 101
000 001 010 100 011 111 101 110 011 100 000

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=2, r=58, n=11

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=2, r=58, n=11

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=4

3L =00014P–(000100220)3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=4

0. 0+ 0+ 0+
0. 0+ 1+ 2+
0. 0+ 2+ 1+
0. 0+ 0+ 2+
0. 0+ 1+ 1+
0. 0+ 2+ 0+
0. 0+ 0+ 1+
0. 0+ 1+ 0+
0. 0+ 2+ 2+
1. 0+ 0+ 0+
1. 0+ 1+ 2+
1. 0+ 2+ 1+
1. 0+ 0+ 2+
1. 0+ 1+ 1+
1. 0+ 2+ 0+
1. 0+ 0+ 1+
1. 0+ 1+ 0+
1. 0+ 2+ 2+
2. 0+ 0+ 0+
2. 0+ 1+ 2+
2. 0+ 2+ 1+
2. 0+ 0+ 2+
2. 0+ 1+ 1+
2. 0+ 2+ 0+
2. 0+ 0+ 1+
2. 0+ 1+ 0+
2. 0+ 2+ 2+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=4

0
0
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
0
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
1
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
1
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
1
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
1
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
1
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
2
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
2
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
2
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
2
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

3E =0...+0+..+0.+.+ 0..++0[0][0][0][0]

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

0+0+0+0+0[0]
0+0+0+1+2[0]
0+0+0+2+1[0]
0+0+1+0+2[0]
0+0+1+1+1[0]
0+0+1+2+0[0]
0+0+2+0+1[0]
0+0+2+1+0[0]
0+0+2+2+2[0]
0+1+0+0+2[0]
0+1+0+1+1[0]
0+1+0+2+0[0]
0+1+1+0+1[0]
0+1+1+1+0[0]
0+1+1+2+2[0]
0+1+2+0+0[0]
0+1+2+1+2[0]
0+1+2+2+1[0]
0+2+0+0+1[0]
0+2+0+1+0[0]
0+2+0+2+2[0]
0+2+1+0+0[0]
0+2+1+1+2[0]
0+2+1+2+1[0]
0+2+2+0+2[0]
0+2+2+1+1[0]
0+2+2+2+0[0]

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
1
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
2
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
2
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
0
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
2
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
0
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
2
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
1
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
2
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
1
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
0
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
0
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
2
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
1
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
2
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
1
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
0
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
1
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
0
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
2
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

3F3P =(000001010100111)3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=3, r=81, n=5

0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=9

3,2F3P' =(000 001 002 010 011 100 101 110 120 )3P'
000 001 010 100 111 101 211 122 212

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=9

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=9

0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
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1
2
0
1
2
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1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
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1
1
2
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0
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2
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0
1
2
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0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
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2
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1
2
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1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
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1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
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1
2
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0
1
2
2
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1
1
2
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0
1
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1
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
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2
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1
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1
1
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2
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1
1
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1
2
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1
2
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2
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1
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2
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1
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1
2
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1
2
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1
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2
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1
1
2
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0
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2
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1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
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0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
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1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
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1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
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2
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1
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1
2
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1
2
2
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1
1
2
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2
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2
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1
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1
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2
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2
1
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2
1
2
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2
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1
2
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2
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1
2
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1
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2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
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1
2
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1
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2
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1
2
1
2
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0
1
2
1
2
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0
1
2
2
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1
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1
2
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1
2
2
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1
1
2
0
0
1
2
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1
2
1
2
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1
2
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0
1
2
2
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1
1
2
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2
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1
1
2
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0
1
2
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1
2
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2
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1
2
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1
2
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2
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1
1
2
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2
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1
2
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1
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2
1
2
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1
2
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2
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1
1
2
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0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=10

3,2F3P' =(000 001 002 010 011 100 101 110 120 121 )3P'
000 001 010 100 111 101 211 122 212 112

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=10

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=3, r=159, n=10

0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
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1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
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2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
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1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
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2
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1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
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2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
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1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
1
2
0
2
0
1
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
2
0
1
1
2
0
0
1
2
2
0
1
2
0
1
2
0
1
0
1
2
1
2
0
2
0
1
1
2
0
1
2
0
2
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=3, r=237, n=16

3,3F3P' =(000 001 002 010 011 012 020 021 100 101 102 110 111 112 211 222 )3P'
000 001 002 010 011 100 101 110 012 020 221 112 220 022 111 122
000 001 010 100 111 101 211 120 200 121 221 201 220 210 110 102

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=3, r=237, n=16

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

3E =0...+0+..+0.+.+ 0..++0[0][0][0][3]

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0+0+0+0+0[3]
0+0+0+1+1[3]
0+0+0+2+2[3]
0+0+0+3+3[3]
0+0+1+0+1[3]
0+0+1+1+0[3]
0+0+1+2+3[3]
0+0+1+3+2[3]
0+0+2+0+2[3]
0+0+2+1+3[3]
0+0+2+2+0[3]
0+0+2+3+1[3]
0+0+3+0+3[3]
0+0+3+1+2[3]
0+0+3+2+1[3]
0+0+3+3+0[3]
0+1+0+0+1[3]
0+1+0+1+0[3]
0+1+0+2+3[3]
0+1+0+3+2[3]
0+1+1+0+0[3]
0+1+1+1+1[3]
0+1+1+2+2[3]
0+1+1+3+3[3]
0+1+2+0+3[3]
0+1+2+1+2[3]
0+1+2+2+1[3]
0+1+2+3+0[3]
0+1+3+0+2[3]
0+1+3+1+3[3]
0+1+3+2+0[3]
0+1+3+3+1[3]
0+2+0+0+2[3]
0+2+0+1+3[3]
0+2+0+2+0[3]
0+2+0+3+1[3]
0+2+1+0+3[3]
0+2+1+1+2[3]
0+2+1+2+1[3]
0+2+1+3+0[3]
0+2+2+0+0[3]
0+2+2+1+1[3]
0+2+2+2+2[3]
0+2+2+3+3[3]
0+2+3+0+1[3]
0+2+3+1+0[3]
0+2+3+2+3[3]
0+2+3+3+2[3]
0+3+0+0+3[3]
0+3+0+1+2[3]
0+3+0+2+1[3]
0+3+0+3+0[3]
0+3+1+0+2[3]
0+3+1+1+3[3]
0+3+1+2+0[3]
0+3+1+3+1[3]
0+3+2+0+1[3]
0+3+2+1+0[3]
0+3+2+2+3[3]
0+3+2+3+2[3]
0+3+3+0+0[3]
0+3+3+1+1[3]
0+3+3+2+2[3]
0+3+3+3+3[3]

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

3F3P =(000001010100112)3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+
0+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+
0+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+
0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 3+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+
0+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 3+
0+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 3+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 3+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+
0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 3+
0+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 3+
0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+
0+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 0+
0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 2+
0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 3+
0+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 0+
0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 1+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

3L =00014P–(000100210311)3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0. 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0. 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+
0. 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+
0. 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+
0. 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0. 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+
0. 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0. 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+
0. 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0. 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0. 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+
0. 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+
0. 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0. 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0. 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0. 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+
1. 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+
1. 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+
1. 0+ 2+ 3+ 0+
1. 0+ 3+ 1+ 3+
1. 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+
1. 0+ 1+ 3+ 3+
1. 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+
1. 0+ 3+ 0+ 2+
1. 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+
1. 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+
1. 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+
1. 0+ 3+ 3+ 1+
1. 0+ 0+ 3+ 2+
1. 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
1. 0+ 2+ 0+ 3+
1. 0+ 3+ 2+ 0+
2. 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+
2. 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+
2. 0+ 2+ 3+ 3+
2. 0+ 3+ 1+ 0+
2. 0+ 0+ 1+ 3+
2. 0+ 1+ 3+ 0+
2. 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+
2. 0+ 3+ 0+ 1+
2. 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+
2. 0+ 1+ 0+ 3+
2. 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+
2. 0+ 3+ 3+ 2+
2. 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+
2. 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+
2. 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+
2. 0+ 3+ 2+ 3+
3. 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+
3. 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+
3. 0+ 2+ 3+ 2+
3. 0+ 3+ 1+ 1+
3. 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+
3. 0+ 1+ 3+ 1+
3. 0+ 2+ 2+ 3+
3. 0+ 3+ 0+ 0+
3. 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+
3. 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+
3. 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+
3. 0+ 3+ 3+ 3+
3. 0+ 0+ 3+ 0+
3. 0+ 1+ 1+ 3+
3. 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+
3. 0+ 3+ 2+ 2+

Covering Array Levels for l=4, m=4, r=256, n=5

0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
2
2
2
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
1
0
3
2
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
1
0
3
2
3
2
1
0
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
2
3
0
1
0
1
2
3
1
0
3
2
3
3
3
3
0
1
2
3
3
2
1
0
2
3
0
1
2
3
0
1

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=4, r=508, n=9

3,2F3P' =(000 001 002 003 010 100 110 121 131 )3P'
000 001 010 100 112 113 121 211 222

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=4, r=508, n=9

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 3+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 3+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 3+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 3+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 2+
0+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 1+
0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 3+
0+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 3+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 3+
0+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+
0+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 3+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 3+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 3+
0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 1+
0+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 3+
0+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 3+
0+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 2+
0+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+
0+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 2+
0+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=5, r=625, n=6

3,1F3P = (000 001 010 100 111 124 )3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=5, r=625, n=6

0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+
0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+
0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 3+
0+ 0+ 0+ 4+ 4+ 4+
0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+
0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 3+
0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+
0+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 4+ 0+
0+ 0+ 1+ 4+ 0+ 1+
0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 4+
0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 0+
0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 4+ 1+
0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 2+
0+ 0+ 2+ 4+ 1+ 3+
0+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 1+
0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 4+ 2+
0+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 3+
0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 4+
0+ 0+ 3+ 4+ 2+ 0+
0+ 0+ 4+ 0+ 4+ 3+
0+ 0+ 4+ 1+ 0+ 4+
0+ 0+ 4+ 2+ 1+ 0+
0+ 0+ 4+ 3+ 2+ 1+
0+ 0+ 4+ 4+ 3+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 4+
0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+
0+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 4+ 2+
0+ 1+ 0+ 4+ 0+ 3+
0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 1+
0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 2+
0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 4+ 3+
0+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 4+
0+ 1+ 1+ 4+ 1+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 4+ 4+
0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 0+
0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+
0+ 1+ 2+ 4+ 2+ 2+
0+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 4+ 0+
0+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 1+
0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 3+
0+ 1+ 3+ 4+ 3+ 4+
0+ 1+ 4+ 0+ 0+ 2+
0+ 1+ 4+ 1+ 1+ 3+
0+ 1+ 4+ 2+ 2+ 4+
0+ 1+ 4+ 3+ 3+ 0+
0+ 1+ 4+ 4+ 4+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+
0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 4+
0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 4+ 0+
0+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 1+
0+ 2+ 0+ 4+ 1+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 0+
0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 4+ 1+
0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+
0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 3+
0+ 2+ 1+ 4+ 2+ 4+
0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 4+ 2+
0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 3+
0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 4+
0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 0+
0+ 2+ 2+ 4+ 3+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 4+
0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+
0+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 1+
0+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 2+
0+ 2+ 3+ 4+ 4+ 3+
0+ 2+ 4+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0+ 2+ 4+ 1+ 2+ 2+
0+ 2+ 4+ 2+ 3+ 3+
0+ 2+ 4+ 3+ 4+ 4+
0+ 2+ 4+ 4+ 0+ 0+
0+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 2+
0+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 4+ 3+
0+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 4+
0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 0+
0+ 3+ 0+ 4+ 2+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 4+ 4+
0+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 0+
0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
0+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 2+
0+ 3+ 1+ 4+ 3+ 3+
0+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 1+
0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 2+
0+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 3+
0+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 4+
0+ 3+ 2+ 4+ 4+ 0+
0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 3+
0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 4+
0+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 0+
0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 4+ 1+
0+ 3+ 3+ 4+ 0+ 2+
0+ 3+ 4+ 0+ 2+ 0+
0+ 3+ 4+ 1+ 3+ 1+
0+ 3+ 4+ 2+ 4+ 2+
0+ 3+ 4+ 3+ 0+ 3+
0+ 3+ 4+ 4+ 1+ 4+
0+ 4+ 0+ 0+ 4+ 1+
0+ 4+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+
0+ 4+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+
0+ 4+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 4+
0+ 4+ 0+ 4+ 3+ 0+
0+ 4+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 3+
0+ 4+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 4+
0+ 4+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
0+ 4+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 1+
0+ 4+ 1+ 4+ 4+ 2+
0+ 4+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 0+
0+ 4+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 1+
0+ 4+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 2+
0+ 4+ 2+ 3+ 4+ 3+
0+ 4+ 2+ 4+ 0+ 4+
0+ 4+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0+ 4+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+
0+ 4+ 3+ 2+ 4+ 4+
0+ 4+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 0+
0+ 4+ 3+ 4+ 1+ 1+
0+ 4+ 4+ 0+ 3+ 4+
0+ 4+ 4+ 1+ 4+ 0+
0+ 4+ 4+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0+ 4+ 4+ 3+ 1+ 2+
0+ 4+ 4+ 4+ 2+ 3+

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=5, r=625, n=6

3L =00014P–(000100220311424)3P

Covering Array Vectors for l=4, m=5, r=625, n=6

0. 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+ 0+
0. 0+ 1+ 2+ 3+ 4+
0. 0+ 2+ 4+ 1+ 3+
0. 0+ 3+ 1+ 4+ 2+
0. 0+ 4+ 3+ 2+ 1+
0. 0+ 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+
0. 0+ 1+ 4+ 4+ 1+
0. 0+ 2+ 1+ 2+ 0+
0. 0+ 3+ 3+ 0+ 4+
0. 0+ 4+ 0+ 3+ 3+
0. 0+ 0+ 4+ 2+ 4+
0. 0+ 1+ 1+ 0+ 3+
0. 0+ 2+ 3+ 3+ 2+
0. 0+ 3+ 0+ 1+ 1+
0. 0+ 4+ 2+ 4+ 0+
0. 0+ 0+ 1+ 3+ 1+
0. 0+ 1+ 3+ 1+ 0+
0. 0+ 2+ 0+ 4+ 4+
0. 0+ 3+ 2+ 2+ 3+
0. 0+ 4+ 4+ 0+ 2+
0. 0+ 0+ 3+ 4+ 3+
0. 0+ 1+ 0+ 2+ 2+
0. 0+ 2+ 2+ 0+ 1+
0. 0+ 3+ 4+ 3+ 0+
0. 0+ 4+ 1+ 1+ 4+
1. 0+ 0+ 0+ 1+ 4+
1. 0+ 1+ 2+ 4+ 3+
1. 0+ 2+ 4+ 2+ 2+
1. 0+ 3+ 1+ 0+ 1+
1. 0+ 4+ 3+ 3+ 0+
1. 0+ 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+
1. 0+ 1+ 4+ 0+ 0+
1. 0+ 2+ 1+ 3+ 4+
1. 0+ 3+ 3+ 1+ 3+
1. 0+ 4+ 0+ 4+ 2+
1. 0+ 0+ 4+ 3+ 3+
1. 0+ 1+ 1+ 1+ 2+
1. 0+ 2+ 3+ 4+ 1+
1. 0+ 3+ 0+ 2+ 0+
1. 0+ 4+ 2+ 0+ 4+
1. 0+ 0+ 1+ 4+ 0+
1. 0+ 1+ 3+ 2+ 4+
1. 0+ 2+ 0+ 0+ 3+
1. 0+ 3+ 2+ 3+ 2+
1. 0+ 4+ 4+ 1+ 1+
1. 0+ 0+ 3+ 0+ 2+
1. 0+ 1+ 0+ 3+ 1+
1. 0+ 2+ 2+ 1+ 0+
1. 0+ 3+ 4+ 4+ 4+
1. 0+ 4+ 1+ 2+ 3+
2. 0+ 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+
2. 0+ 1+ 2+ 0+ 2+
2. 0+ 2+ 4+ 3+ 1+
2. 0+ 3+ 1+ 1+ 0+
2. 0+ 4+ 3+ 4+ 4+
2. 0+ 0+ 2+ 3+ 0+
2. 0+ 1+ 4+ 1+ 4+
2. 0+ 2+ 1+ 4+ 3+
2. 0+ 3+ 3+ 2+ 2+
2. 0+ 4+ 0+ 0+ 1+
2. 0+ 0+ 4+ 4+ 2+
2. 0+ 1+ 1+ 2+ 1+
2. 0+ 2+ 3+ 0+ 0+
2. 0+ 3+ 0+ 3+ 4+
2. 0+ 4+ 2+ 1+ 3+
2. 0+ 0+ 1+ 0+ 4+
2. 0+ 1+ 3+ 3+ 3+
2. 0+ 2+ 0+ 1+ 2+
2. 0+ 3+ 2+ 4+ 1+
2. 0+ 4+ 4+ 2+ 0+
2. 0+ 0+ 3+ 1+ 1+
2. 0+ 1+ 0+ 4+ 0+
2. 0+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 4+
2. 0+ 3+ 4+ 0+ 3+
2. 0+ 4+ 1+ 3+ 2+
3. 0+ 0+ 0+ 3+ 2+
3. 0+ 1+ 2+ 1+ 1+
3. 0+ 2+ 4+ 4+ 0+
3. 0+ 3+ 1+ 2+ 4+
3. 0+ 4+ 3+ 0+ 3+
3. 0+ 0+ 2+ 4+ 4+
3. 0+ 1+ 4+ 2+ 3+
3. 0+ 2+ 1+ 0+ 2+
3. 0+ 3+ 3+ 3+ 1+
3. 0+ 4+ 0+ 1+ 0+
3. 0+ 0+ 4+ 0+ 1+
3. 0+ 1+ 1+ 3+ 0+
3. 0+ 2+ 3+ 1+ 4+
3. 0+ 3+ 0+ 4+ 3+
3. 0+ 4+ 2+ 2+ 2+
3. 0+ 0+ 1+ 1+ 3+
3. 0+ 1+ 3+ 4+ 2+
3. 0+ 2+ 0+ 2+ 1+
3. 0+ 3+ 2+ 0+ 0+
3. 0+ 4+ 4+ 3+ 4+
3. 0+ 0+ 3+ 2+ 0+
3. 0+ 1+ 0+ 0+ 4+
3. 0+ 2+ 2+ 3+ 3+
3. 0+ 3+ 4+ 1+ 2+
3. 0+ 4+ 1+ 4+ 1+
4. 0+ 0+ 0+ 4+ 1+
4. 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+ 0+
4. 0+ 2+ 4+ 0+ 4+
4. 0+ 3+ 1+ 3+ 3+
4. 0+ 4+ 3+ 1+ 2+
4. 0+ 0+ 2+ 0+ 3+
4. 0+ 1+ 4+ 3+ 2+
4. 0+ 2+ 1+ 1+ 1+
4. 0+ 3+ 3+ 4+ 0+
4. 0+ 4+ 0+ 2+ 4+
4. 0+ 0+ 4+ 1+ 0+
4. 0+ 1+ 1+ 4+ 4+
4. 0+ 2+ 3+ 2+ 3+
4. 0+ 3+ 0+ 0+ 2+
4. 0+ 4+ 2+ 3+ 1+
4. 0+ 0+ 1+ 2+ 2+
4. 0+ 1+ 3+ 0+ 1+
4. 0+ 2+ 0+ 3+ 0+
4. 0+ 3+ 2+ 1+ 4+
4. 0+ 4+ 4+ 4+ 3+
4. 0+ 0+ 3+ 3+ 4+
4. 0+ 1+ 0+ 1+ 3+
4. 0+ 2+ 2+ 4+ 2+
4. 0+ 3+ 4+ 2+ 1+
4. 0+ 4+ 1+ 0+ 0+

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=5, r=1245, n=11

3,2F3P' =(000 001 002 003 004 010 100 110 121 212 231 )3P'
000 001 010 100 111 124 142 214 241 412 421

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=6, r=1296, n=5

3E =0...+0+..+0.+.+ 0..++0[0][0][0][3]

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=6, r=2400, n=8

3L6/7 =00014P– 6/7(000100220366453564621)3P 6/7

Covering Array Formula for l=4, m=7, r=2401, n=8

3L =00014P–(000100220366453564621)3P

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